Research into ocean fossils suggests that past temperatures of the oceans where much more stable than believed. This makes the current warm spike a disturbing anomaly with more serious implications.
25% of greenhouse gasses come from global agriculture. 28% of agricultural land produces food that is never eaten. A city of 10 million flushes away enough nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium to fertalise 500,000 hectares. UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
To produce 1kg of cotton can require 20,000 litres of water, as much water as may be drunk in a lifetime. Cotton farming has led to the destruction of large-scale ecosystems such as the Aral Sea in central Asia. World Wildlife Fund
Kenya has outlawed the manufacture, sale and use of plastic bags. Consequences for breaking the law can be a $40,000 dollar fine or up to four years in prison. moneyweek.com
$56 billion Australian dollars is the estimated worth of the Great Barrier Reef reflecting its’ economic, social and iconic values. The Great Barrier Reef Foundation
Wine makers in the UK are expected to plant 650 acres of new vines in 2017, enough for 2 million bottles! The number of vineyards in the UK has trippled since 2000. moneyweek.com
Bloomberg reports that Chile now has enough solar energy infrastructure that the price of electricity routinely hits zero. At the end of April, there had been 113 days of zero-cost energy. In the whole of last year it was 192.
Environmental crime – poaching, illegal logging, waste dumping, etc. is now the worlds 4th largest crime leaping from $91bn in 2014 to $258bn today. The top three are drug smuggling, counterfeiting and people smuggling. One of it’s consequences is the loss of 25% of the worlds elephants in the last decade. Guardian Weekly
“There is already airport capacity for families taking their yearly holiday. New runways only benefit the 15% of flyers who take 70% of our flights, cooking our planet. These are rich frequent leisure flyers. The most reliable predictors of frequent flyer status are a household income over £115,000 and owning a second home abroad, but it’s the poorest people who suffer most from climate change.” Plane Stupid
The UK still ranks close to the bottom of the European Union in its use of renewables. In 2014, it used fossil fuels to produce more than 60 percent of its electricity, half again as much as the E.U. average. The Conservative government plans an 87 percent reduction in subsidies for solar power despite promising after the May election to “unleash a new solar revolution”. Washington Post